The first patent on the books for a device that cleaned carpets and rugs is the “sweeping machine” invented by Ives McGaffey who patented the cleaner in 1869. But the first real display of the vacuum cleaners potential was a patent issued to a British engineer, Hubert Cecil Booth in 1901. This mechanism was a large, horse-drawn device that would be parked outside of the facility, and had long hoses piped through windows.
In 1907, the concept was being improved upon by a janitor in Ohio when he realized the carpet sweeper he was using was making him sick. After trying some ideas with materials he had available, he eventually came up with the first cloth filter bag, portable device with cleaning attachments. He received a patent in 1908 and one of his first customers was a cousin, whose husband was William H. Hoover. Hoover’s original vacuum was barely more advance than it’s predecessor, but slow sales were boosted by a 10 day, free in-home trial period that lead to a Hoover in almost every home.
Almost a hundred years later and the vacuum had advanced little; basically using a small motor to create suction through a rotating bristled head pulling dust, debris and particles into a filter bag. This design has a flaw at it’s root: the suction wanes as the vacuum is used. Air is pulled through the cloth filter in the bag leaving behind the particles the vacuum has picked up to gradually clog the bag. In doing so, the vacuum slowly becomes less powerful every time it hits the carpet.
Then along comes James Dyson. Tired of the old method, Dyson put his energy into developing a new way to create suction and filter the dirt. His new variation on the vacuum is called the “cyclone vacuum”. Developed in the ‘80s, the cyclone vacuum uses centrifugal force to create a high-speed spiral path sending the air stream through one of more cylinders. And avoiding the whole filter process, the centrifugal force created by the cyclone vacuum simply separates the dirt and particles from the air, exhausting the air through the top and leaving what’s left behind to settle on the bottom of the cylinder.
Since it’s creation two decades ago, Dyson’s cyclone vacuums have become top sellers, and are even sold-out on some online resources. All based on the same centrifugal force, cyclone principle, Dyson has several models available, including the DC14, DC11 and the DC07. These vacuums come in upright models as well as canister versions. With names like “Full Gear” and “The Animal”, and with one look at their rugged, but advanced design, a consumer is sure to be satisfied with a Dyson Vacuum Cleaner.
And so, the vacuum has finally advanced into the 21st century. This new technology is easier on allergy sufferers and sensitive breathers and will surely lead to more advancements in the vacuum industry.